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The tires you choose for your car will determine your safety, the safety of those around you and your ride comfort. Nowadays, with such a huge range of tires, it’s pretty easy to make a mistake. All tires have a different tread pattern, different width and height. Each tire is designed for a specific terrain and climate.
When choosing tires, you should take into account such factors as: the brand of your car, weather conditions, the area where the tires will be mainly used, road conditions and your driving style. You should also adhere to the sizes recommended by the manufacturer of your car. Violation of such recommendations can lead to poor handling and rapid wear of the tires themselves!
Today, there are a lot of expensive tires designed for more severe operation and high speeds. Remember that you should not overpay for additional features that are not useful for your driving style and all vehicle operating conditions.
Tire width and height
As a rule, tire width is divided into two options, this is a wider summer tire option and a narrower winter tire option.
In summer, wider tires are used in order to increase the maximum contact area between asphalt and tire. What does it give? The car will accelerate and brake more confidently, it will be easier to take turns at speed.
In winter, it is recommended to use as narrow a tire as possible with a higher profile. A narrow tire cuts well for itself, both in snow porridge and in loose snow, which favorably affects the car’s handling. And the sidewalls of the wheel take on the first blows from the road, so the higher the profile, the less problems with the suspension after the winter.
Studded and non-studded tires
Which tires are better to choose, studded or not studded. It all depends on the roads you will be driving on. A studded tire has a number of advantages over a conventional one. This is stability on packed snow and ice due to anti-skid spikes. The downside is that when driving on clean asphalt, studded tires are very noisy. Non-studded tires have poor traction on packed snow or ice-covered roads, and therefore cannot provide a safe ride. But when driving on clean asphalt, a non-studded tire will ensure safety and comfort.
The tread patterns of car tires have three main shapes: directional, symmetrical, asymmetric.
Each of these patterns has its own advantages and disadvantages.
- Directional tires — this pattern allows you to maximize performance on such surfaces as slush. Due to its orientation, it has the best self-cleaning effect and thus preserves its grip characteristics to the maximum. The downside is that when beading such tires, you need to consider which side of the car they will be placed on, that is, it should be: two right and two left wheels. Also, these tires are noisier.
- Asymmetric tires — have good characteristics. Asymmetric rubber has an outer and inner side. The outer sidewall of the tire is made denser than the inner. This results in a tire with good handling, as the tire does not “break” under side loads in a turn and provides an excellent contact patch between the wheel and the road surface. These tires are placed on any side of the car, the main thing is to put the wheel on the right side.
- Symmetrical tires are the best value for money. Usually such a protector is made for inexpensive tire models. Their main difference from other tires is that they can be installed on the car in any position. They do not have internal and external sides, as well as a given direction of movement.
When choosing tires, everyone thinks about the question, why do tires look the same, but differ in price by almost one and a half times?
Tires from different manufacturers have different rubber composition. It is made of more technologically advanced materials, which allowed the manufacturer to reduce the weight of the tire, which led to a decrease in fuel consumption, improved handling and reduced noise levels. And winter tires, due to the resistance to frost, also have better grip on the road. Also, expensive tires are less destroyed, which increases their service life. Agree that for these qualities, you can overpay!